Fire Safety for Kids
Make sure you child is prepared for a fire.
Create a fire escape floor plan:
- Start by drawing a rectangle on a piece of paper. Draw one for each room of your home. Then draw in all doors and windows. Your children can use crayons to draw in beds, tables, etc.
- In one color, draw a line that shows the fastest way out of each room. Then, in another color, draw another line that shows the second fastest way out.
- Now that you have your fire escape plan, make sure everyone in the family studies it
Know what to do in case of a fire:
- Pick a meeting place outside of your home where everyone can gather after they have left the burning building.
- Hold home fire drills and make them realistic by pretending some exits are blocked by smoke or fire. Hold your drills in the evening since kids can get disoriented in the dark and fire often happen at night.
- Make sure everyone knows that once your out, stay out! Never go back inside of a burning building.
- In case of a fire, get out first, then call the fire department with a portable, cell, of neighbors phone.
- Close doors behind you as you escape to slow the spread of fire and smoke.
- If you have to escape through smoke, crawl keeping your head one to two feet above the floor, where the air will be the cleanest.
- test door knobs and spaces around closed doors with the back of your hand. If the door is warm, try another escape route. If it is cool, open it slowly. Slam the door shut if smoke pours through.
Things to think about:
- Make sure babysitters and other caregivers know the escape plan and where to meet.
- Can everyone in your home, including children, unlock and open all doors and windows?
- if your windows have security bars, equip them with quick-release devices, and teach everyone in your household how to use them.
- Test you smoke alarms and CO detectors once a month.
- Replace batteries one a year.
- Replace any alarm that is more than 10 years old.
- Remind grown-ups to keep hot foods and liquids away from tables and counter edges so they cannot be pulled or knocked over.
- Grown-ups should always be careful when using things that get hot such as curling irons, oven, irons, lamps, heaters.
- Hot things can hurt you. Stay away from hot things.
- Remind grown-ups to test the water before placing children or themselves in the tub.
Cool a Burn
- Treat a burn right away. Put it in cool water for 3-5 minutes. Cover with a clean, dry cloth.
- Remind grown-ups that if the burn is bigger than your fist, or if you have any questions, to get medical help right away.
Safety in the Kitchen
- Remind grown-ups to stay in the kitchen when cooking. Keep things that can burn (potholders, towels, and paper) away from the stove.
- Stay three feet away from the stove when a grown-up is cooking.
- Help grown-ups check electrical cords to make sure they are not damaged.
- Remind grown-ups to keep space heaters 3 feet from anything that can burn.
- Grown-ups should always turn off space heaters every time they leave the room and before going to bed.
- Remind grown-ups never to use an oven to heat your home.
Match and Lighter Safety
- Tell a grown-up if you find matches or lighters
- Grown-ups should keep matches and lighters up high in a locked cabinet.
- Remind grown-ups to put out lit candles when they leave a room.
- Stay three feet away from burning candles.
Safety Smart Grown-up Reminders
- Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside each bedroom and outside each sleeping area.
- Test smoke alarms once a month.
- Replace smoke alarms every 10 years.
- Make a home fire escape plan with your family.
- Find two ways out of every room and an outside meeting place.
- Know the emergency number for your fire department.
- Practice your escape plan twice a year.
- When the smoke alarm sounds, get outside and stay outside!